Solving Stonehenge in the simplest way possible… Graphically.
THE "REAL" STONEHENGE
Breaking free of the horizon 40-degrees from north at
Stonehenge, this is the maximum area of sky that the moon
ever gets to scan, and does so for several months every 18.6
This, the moon’s most northerly point of rising, is called the
Major Standstill. The next Major Standstill should occur in
2024/5, and if cloud free, should be quite an occasion for
But look what happens when we place the sun-arc on top of the
moon-arc - the moon commands a small section of sky (about
10-degrees) that the sun never gets to visit! - Not ever!
Stonehenge started its life as a simple circular-ish bank and
ditch. Bank here is shown green, the ditch is shown chalk white.
The causeway through the bank and ditch formed an entrance
passageway that completely spans and admits the moon-arc
right up to the time of the major standstill. So the first
Stonehenge was dedicated to the moon. Let’s say that again:
The first Stonehenge was dedicated to the moon.
Fifty-six pits set in a circle around the inside of the bank are
thought to have once held Welsh bluestones that later became
earmarked for a different purpose and were therefore eventually
removed. For now, though, let’s introduce just two of them – pit
number 56 and pit number 28. The probable bluestones placed
standing upright in these two pits helped retain the solstice sun
clockwise and clear of the moon-arc as shown on the right.
Here is the real thing as found by partial
excavation. Completing the full 56 Aubrey
hole-positions shows Stonehenge as it originally
was; and how it remained for the first 500 years of
Mike Pitts, current editor of British Archaeology
Magazine wrote: 56 is a number that represents
the moon. We will find out why, later.
That should have been it, Stonehenge completed, but it clearly wasn’t: for if the simple intention was to
bring the sun and moon together, it was, as a sort of folly, clearly doomed to failure. So, after 500 static
years when little of importance took place, some massive sarsen stones were collected from the
Marlborough Downs near Avebury, to be set up in the very centre of the earthwork.
Stonehenge 2500 BC and a change of heart. The stone circle
erected in the centre of the earthen bank and ditch. It’s
convenient at this point to imagine the sarsen circle as if it
stood alone, to demonstrate that there would be nothing to
stop solstice sunlight passing right through and out the back!
So to prevent this from happening, the
Grand Trilithon was offset by half-a-
megalithic-yard so Stone 55 of the
central trilithon could block the sun’s
progress and prevent it from leaving.
Preventing sunlight from escaping in
this way forced it to bounce around
Stonehenge’s flattened and polished
interior faces like a modern-day laser.
But in order to believe this to be
proven fact, we will need to gather
some extra proofs of what others were
doing elsewhere at the time, and even
many years before. All these proofs will
be given to you later, some here having
been taken from my book:-
The two remaining stones of Avebury’s Cove.
This is how we know for certain that people of
around 3000BC had used stones to reflect, or
collect, sun and moonlight. People seen in this
photograph are identifying the ‘Backstone’ by
standing alongside it, but the reflective surface
that faces the solstice and Major Standstill is on
the other side.
Placing the camera parallel to the stone seen on
the right, and ‘normal’ to the ‘Backstone,’ proves
the solstice sun to fall 5-degrees short of the
Cove that is set in the middle of Avebury’s
northern ring of stones - a circle that Dr William
Stukeley called a “Lunar Temple.”
However, as we now know, the moon travels 10-
degrees further north than the sun, and her rising
is marked by the druid who helpfully demonstrates
where the moon will appear every 18.61-years,
given good weather.
And this is how the
Cove may have worked.
Many years before
Stonehenge was built,
Avebury folk set the
Backstone of the Cove
between the solstice
and the Major
Standstill in an attempt
to catch the attention
of the moon.
Let’s return to
The sarsen and
built in the middle
of the henge
acting as possible
This picture places the stone circle in the middle of the
henge where it belongs.
There is much that can be said about the above image, but
to do so would be to miss the big picture: for it was at
about this time, around 2500BC that Stonehenge was
connected to a massive parent henge some 500 metres in
diameter, and known as Durrington Walls, by two avenues
and a river.
To continue, please press the 'Durrington' button above
COPYRIGHT © T W FLOWERS 2013
We owe the background image to John Wood, who
surveyed Stonehenge in 1740 and graciously passed his
measurements down to us. John's measurements were
first converted into megalithic yards before entering them
into CAD at the rate of one My equaling 0.8297metres.
This figure represents the maximum amount of sky that the sun
ever manages to scan at Stonehenge. The sun breaks free of
the horizon 50-degrees from north on the 21st June, and
manages to scan a maximum 260-degree of sky from sunrise to
sunset. Everyone who visits Stonehenge to see the morning
solstice looks out along this 50-degree angle from north.