Solving Stonehenge in the simplest way possible… Graphically.
THE "REAL" STONEHENGE
Breaking free of the horizon 40-degrees from north at Stonehenge;
this is the maximum area of sky that the moon scans, and does so
for several months every 18.61 years.
But look what happens when we place the sun-arc on top of the
moon-arc: The moon commands a 10-degree portion of Wiltshire sky
that the sun never gets to visit! - Not ever!
Stonehenge started its life as a circular bank and ditch. Bank here
is shown green, and the ditch is shown chalk white. A wide north-
eastern entrance admits the 10-degree portion of moon-arc right
up to the time of her major standstill. Known since 1740, the first
Stonehenge was dedicated to the moon. Let’s say that again...
The First Stonehenge Was Dedicated To The Moon.
Fifty-six pits, set in a circle around the inside of the bank, are thought
to have once held Welsh bluestones. Those stones later became
earmarked for a different purpose and were eventually removed and
replaced by dedicatory cremations. - So said Hawley and Newall, the
guys who excavated 32 of them. Society of Antiquaries, London 1926.
For now, though, let’s introduce just two – pit 56 and pit 28, (shown
as small black dots). The bluestones placed standing upright in these
two pits helped retain the solstice sun clockwise and clear of the moon-
Shown on the left is the original henge-work as found by
partial excavation. This shows Stonehenge as it originally
was; and how it remained for the first 500 years of its life
That should have been it, Stonehenge completed, but evidently it was not; for if the simple intention was
to bring the sun and moon together, Stonehenge was doomed to fail as a type of folly. So, after 500 static
years when little of importance took place, some massive sarsen stones were collected from the
Marlborough Down's near Avebury, to be set up in the very centre of the earthwork.
<<< Stonehenge 2450 BC and a change of heart. - The
structure erected in the centre of the earthen bank and ditch.
It's convenient at this point to imagine the sarsen circle as
if it stood alone, to demonstrate that solstice sunlight would
pass right through and out the back!
The Grand Trilithon (T3) was offset by >>>
half-a-megalithic-yard (16.33 inches), so
Stone 55 could prevent sunlight from
leaving. Sunlight was therefore forced to
bounce around Stonehenge’s flattened
and polished interior faces like a modern-
But in order to believe this to be proven
fact, we will need to gather extra proofs of
what others were doing elsewhere at the
time, and even many years before.
Meanwhile, please remember this:
The Stonehenge winter solstice theory is
an archaeological red herring! At 1m thick,
and 2.5 metres high, Stone 67, seen in
front of T3, when standing, easily blocked
<<< Avebury’s Cove: Forget Avebury's massive ditch
and many stones, the following is how Avebury began
its life: AND how we know for certain that around
3600BC the Cove was used to gather up sun and
moonlight. People seen in this photograph are
identifying the 'Backstone' by standing alongside it,
but the surface that faces the summer solstice and
major standstill of the moon, is on the other side. We
also know that the Cove once stood in the middle of a
geometric stone egg, and that egg pointed to the
Vernal Equinox and the northern end of Cherhill Hill.
Avebury's Cove: Summer Solstice 2007. >>>
This picture proves the sun to fall 5-degrees short of the
Cove, and the moon to go 5-degrees past.
The moon's most northernmost position is marked by
the druid who conveniently demonstrates where she will
appear every 18.61- years, given a clear sky.
<<< With ideas carried down from early work
conducted on Windmill Hill - this is a scaled
schematic of the original, very first Avebury...
The Cove was placed in the middle of one of
Professor Thom's Type 2 eggs. Megalithic Sites in
Britain, 1967 by A. Thom. AND; with barley seed
buried around the base of the cove-stones; Avebury:
Gillings and Pollard 2005, it was hoped the Cove
would act like the tungsten filament of an electric
light-bulb, and energise the whole thing.
The vernal equinox is the one time when the sun
follows the moon as she goes to ground - and
vice-versa - which in Avebury's case was aimed at
the northern end of Cherhill Hill - see photo later.
The principle of operation behind equinoctial
alignments was emulated by the Stonehenger's
when they built the 3-kilometre-long Great Cursus, in
front of what, some 500 years later, would become
The picture on the right places Stonehenge's stone
circle in the middle of the earthwork where it belongs.
There is much that can be said about this image, but to
do so would be to miss the big picture: because it was
around 2500BC when Stonehenge was joined to a
wooden egg in the middle of a massive henge, some
500 metres diameter, and known as Durrington Walls,
by two avenues and a river.
COPYRIGHT © T W FLOWERS 2013
We owe the background image seen on the extreme
right, to John Wood, who surveyed Stonehenge in 1740
with great accuracy, and graciously passed his
measurements down to us.
John's feet and inch measurements were converted into
Professor Thom's Megalithic yards before entering them
into CAD at the rate of 1 My equalling 32.664 inches.
This figure represents the maximum amount of sky that the sun
gets to scan at Stonehenge. The sun breaks free of the horizon
50-degrees from north on the 21st June and manages to cover a
maximum 260-degree of sky from sunrise to sunset. Everyone who
visits Stonehenge to watch the sunrise at summer solstice looks
out along this 50-degree angle from north.
If you have enjoyed this work, please consider
helping improve it.
Thank you if you do. Tom
The Stonehenger’s believed that our two most important luminaries -
our very own sun and moon - could be brought together to copulate.
The following - not by any means complete - proves it.
Mike Pitts, current editor of British Archaeology Magazine,
in an article, wrote...
If there is a full moon on the 21 June, the moon again will be
full on 21 June 19 years later, but at a different position on
the horizon. If the full moon starts over the Heelstone, for
example, it will slowly slip away each 19 year interval. On
the other hand, if you count 19, 18 and 19 years (a total of
56), it will stay completely on the stone throughout many
cycles. It would seem that the Stonehenger’s had knowledge
of both: there are 19 stones in the bluestone horseshoe and
there are 56 holes in the Aubrey circle. Pitts M.
To continue, you will need to press the Durrington
button at top left of this page. Thank you.